- Hindi news
- On This Day, China Was Occupied By Tibet; After 8 Years, The Dalai Lama Came To India, Since Then The Government Of Tibet Is Running From India.
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May 23, 1951. Tibetans consider this day to be a black day, while the Chinese call it a day for peace efforts. On the same day, Tibet signed an agreement with China. With this agreement, China was annexed to Tibet.
Actually the dispute between China and Tibet is years old. China says that Tibet was a part of China in the thirteenth century, so it has the right over Tibet. Tibet rejects this claim from China. In 1912, the 13th Tibetan Dalai Lama declared Tibet as independent. At that time China did not raise any objection, but after about 40 years, the Communist government came to China. Due to the expansionary policies of this government, China invaded Tibet with thousands of soldiers in 1950. China’s occupation of Tibet continued for about 8 months.
Eventually, the Tibetan religious leader, the Dalai Lama, signed a 17-point agreement. After this agreement, Tibet officially became part of China. However, the Dalai Lama does not accept this treaty. He says that this treaty was made by coercive pressure.
Thousands of Tibetans gathered around the Dalai Lama’s palace after reports of the Dalai Lama being taken hostage.
Even after the treaty, China did not desist from its expansionary policies and continued to occupy Tibet. During this period, anger against China started increasing among the Tibetan people. After 1955 violent protests against China started taking place all over Tibet. During this time, the first rebellion took place in which thousands of people lost their lives.
In March 1959, news spread that China was going to take the Dalai Lama hostage. After this, thousands of people gathered outside the Dalai Lama’s palace. Eventually the Dalai Lama, disguised as a soldier, escaped from Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, to India. The Government of India gave him refuge. China did not like this thing. It is said that this was also a major reason for the 1962 India-China war. The Dalai Lama still lives in India. Tibet’s exiled government runs from Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh.
The Dalai Lama came to Tezpur in Assam, fleeing Tibet.
This exile government of Tibet is also elected. Tibetan refugees from around the world vote in this election. Refugee Tibetans have to register to vote. The Tibetan people elect their president during the election known as ‘Sikyong’. Like India, the tenure of the Parliament there is also for 5 years. The Headquarters of the Tibetan Parliament is in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh.
Only those Tibetans with the right to vote and contest elections have a ‘Green Book’ issued by the Central Tibbeton Administration. This book serves as an identity card. Pampa Sering became the new president of the exiled Tibetan government in the recent elections.
Bachendri Pal created history
Who does not know Bachendri Pal today. Tomorrow is his birthday, but one day before his birthday Bachendri Pal gave himself a unique gift. On this day in 1984, Bachendri Pal conquered Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak. She is the first woman in India and the fifth woman in the world to do so.
Bachendri Pal was born on 24 May 1954 in Nakuri, a village in Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, India. His father was a businessman who carried his wheat, rice and other goods on mules and carried them to Tibet. This used to cost the family. Bachendri Pal was a child in education as well as in sports. It is said that once during a school picnic Bachendri climbed easily to an altitude of about 13 thousand feet. After reaching the hill, the weather became bad and Bachendri had to spend the night on the hill itself.
Bachendri Pal was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2019.
The householders did not want to make Bachendri a mountaineer, but Bachendri’s insistence made the householders bow down and join the Nehru Institute of Mountaineering. In 1984, India formed an expedition team to climb Everest. The team was named “Everest-84”. Apart from Bachendri Pal, there were 11 men and 5 women in the team. In early May, the team began its operations. Bachendri conquered Everest on this day in the face of dangerous weather, steep climbs and storms.
May 23 is also remembered for these important events in the history of the country and the world.
2019: In the general elections, BJP won with a thumping majority. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive time.
2015: American mathematician John Nash died in a car accident.
2010: Chief Justice K.G. A 3-member bench of the Supreme Court headed by Balakrishnan did not consider it a crime for women and men to live together without marrying.
2008: India successfully test-fired the surface-to-surface missile Prithvi-2.
2004: In Bangladesh, about 250 people drowned after a boat drowned in the Meghna River due to the storm.
1995: Java, the programming language, was officially launched.
1994: In Saudi Arabia, 270 pilgrims died due to stampede during the Hajj.
1942: Indian film director, producer, screenwriter and choreographer K. Raghavendra Rao was born.
1788: South Carolina joined the United States as the 8th state.