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- Today History: Aaj Ka Itihas India World 4 January Update | GSAT 14 Deployed Successfully, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan Interesting Facts
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9 days ago
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Jahangir’s Begum gave birth to a son on Jumrat (Thursday) on January 5, 1592. Jahangir urged his father Akbar to name his son. Akbar called him Khurram. Khurram in Persian means happiness. On the sixth day of birth, Khurram was handed over to Akbar’s Begum Rukaiya. Because Begum Rukaiya had no children, she adopted Khurram.
Akbar was Khurram’s grandfather. He was illiterate himself, but he left no stone unturned to train Khurram. At the same time, teach him the lessons of war with good masters. Akbar was so attached to Khurram that he started taking Khurram along in the war. It is from here that the journey started for Khurram to become ‘Shah Jahan’.
Shah Jahan came to the throne again
Jahangir died in 1627. Khurram assumed the throne in 1628 after his death. After assuming the throne, Khurram became Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan means the king of the world. Shah Jahan extended his kingdom northwards to Kandahar and conquered most of South India. Shah Jahan ruled till 1658 and achieved a lot during these 30 years.
Love from mumtaz
At the time of Jahangir, the wazir was Etma-ud-daulah. The son of these Etma-ud-daulas was Abu Hasan Asaf Khan. And it was these Abu Hassan Asaf Khan’s daughter Arjumand Banu. Arjumand Banu who was later known as Mumtaz. Mumtaz was the third wife of Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan had two more Begums before him.
In April 1607, 14-year-old Arjumand and 15-year-old Khurram got engaged. Then on 10 May 1612, after about 5 years of engagement, both were married. Khurram had two more weddings between Arjumand’s engagement and Nikah.
It is said that there was a lot of love between Mumtaz and Shah Jahan. They both had 13 children. Mumtaz remained pregnant almost every year from marriage to death. Mumtaz died in June 1631 while giving birth to the 14th child. It is said that till two years after Mumtaz’s death, Shah Jahan had given up all the pleasures of indulgence. His hair-beard had grown.
Taj Mahal built in memory of Mumtaz
Shah Jahan is also called the King of Architects. He built many buildings during his reign. One of these buildings is the Taj Mahal. When Mumtaz died in 1631, Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his mausoleum.
The chief architect of the Taj Mahal was Ustad Isha Khan, the then famous architect. Apart from Persia and Turkey, 20 thousand laborers of India worked in building the Taj Mahal. A thousand elephants were engaged only to carry goods.
It took 22 years to build the Taj Mahal. Its construction started in 1631 and was completed in 1653. Behind the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan also wanted to build a black crown, but his confrontation with his son Aurangzeb began. Shah Jahan died on 22 January 1966 in Agra.
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