Today History: Aaj Ka Itihas India World 4 January Update |  GSAT-14 Deployed Successfully, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan Interesting Facts |  Birth of the Mughal emperor, who made love for the world a symbol


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Jahangir’s Begum gave birth to a son on Jumrat (Thursday) on January 5, 1592. Jahangir urged his father Akbar to name his son. Akbar called him Khurram. Khurram in Persian means happiness. On the sixth day of birth, Khurram was handed over to Akbar’s Begum Rukaiya. Because Begum Rukaiya had no children, she adopted Khurram.

Akbar was Khurram’s grandfather. He was illiterate himself, but he left no stone unturned to train Khurram. At the same time, teach him the lessons of war with good masters. Akbar was so attached to Khurram that he started taking Khurram along in the war. It is from here that the journey started for Khurram to become ‘Shah Jahan’.

Shah Jahan came to the throne again
Jahangir died in 1627. Khurram assumed the throne in 1628 after his death. After assuming the throne, Khurram became Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan means the king of the world. Shah Jahan extended his kingdom northwards to Kandahar and conquered most of South India. Shah Jahan ruled till 1658 and achieved a lot during these 30 years.

Love from mumtaz
At the time of Jahangir, the wazir was Etma-ud-daulah. The son of these Etma-ud-daulas was Abu Hasan Asaf Khan. And it was these Abu Hassan Asaf Khan’s daughter Arjumand Banu. Arjumand Banu who was later known as Mumtaz. Mumtaz was the third wife of Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan had two more Begums before him.

In April 1607, 14-year-old Arjumand and 15-year-old Khurram got engaged. Then on 10 May 1612, after about 5 years of engagement, both were married. Khurram had two more weddings between Arjumand’s engagement and Nikah.

It is said that there was a lot of love between Mumtaz and Shah Jahan. They both had 13 children. Mumtaz remained pregnant almost every year from marriage to death. Mumtaz died in June 1631 while giving birth to the 14th child. It is said that till two years after Mumtaz’s death, Shah Jahan had given up all the pleasures of indulgence. His hair-beard had grown.

Taj Mahal built in memory of Mumtaz
Shah Jahan is also called the King of Architects. He built many buildings during his reign. One of these buildings is the Taj Mahal. When Mumtaz died in 1631, Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his mausoleum.

The chief architect of the Taj Mahal was Ustad Isha Khan, the then famous architect. Apart from Persia and Turkey, 20 thousand laborers of India worked in building the Taj Mahal. A thousand elephants were engaged only to carry goods.

It took 22 years to build the Taj Mahal. Its construction started in 1631 and was completed in 1653. Behind the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan also wanted to build a black crown, but his confrontation with his son Aurangzeb began. Shah Jahan died on 22 January 1966 in Agra.

Important events of January 5 in India and the world:

  • 2014: The Indian communication satellite GSAT-14 was successfully placed into orbit.
  • 2009: National Conference President Omar Abdullah was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • 2003: The rebels attacked 43 soldiers in Algeria.
  • 2000: The International Football and Statistics Federation declared ‘Pele’ as the best player of the century.
  • 1993: An oil tanker carrying around 85,000 tonnes of crude oil crashed near Shetland Island.
  • 1970: An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale killed 15,000 people in China’s Yunnan province.
  • 1971: The first ODI of cricket history was played. In this match played in Melbourne, Australia defeated England by 5 wickets. England had scored 190 runs after losing the toss and batting first. Australia had won the match by scoring 5 wickets and scoring 191 runs.
  • 1955: Birth of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
  • 1941: Cricketer Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi was born in Bhopal.
  • 1934: Birth of Bharatiya Janata Party leader Murli Manohar Joshi.
  • 1671: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj captured the Salhar region from the Mughals.
  • 1659: Aurangzeb defeated Shah Shuja in the Battle of Khajwah.



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Mohit Yadav

By Mohit Yadav

Mr. Mohit Yadav holds a degree of M.A. in Mass Communication with specialization in journalism. He has a work experience of 6 years and has worked overseas also. He is chief journalist and covers National news. You can contact him here Email:- mohit@latestindianewstoday.com